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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • Coco peat is an organic material and its production is part of the many uses of the coco nut. When using Coco-peat for hydroponic growing the environment is not harmed.
  • Coco peat is an excellent substrate for root development and therefore transplanting can be made directly into the Coco-peat with no need for any further treatment or agent.
  • Unlike other soilless cultures, Coco holds high air capacity even when completely saturated.
  • The drying duration of Coco peat is slower than many hydroponics mediums (not including Crush coir- coco-peat material), even though Coco peat holds more air when completely saturated.
  • With time the Coco peat develops a high buffer capacity that will enable the plants to overcome a short time deficiency of fertilizers and water.
  • The ability to choose a different fraction or mix of "PreMiereCocos.com" Coco peat enables the grower to choose the most suitable growing media that will give the best results in a given climate.

A. It can greatly increase yield and quality when matched with good growing practices.

A. It is probably a residual of the coating from the calcium nitrate. To fix this problem you may need to change your source of calcium nitrate.

A. It is because your supplier is using old coir technology and low quality coir that is wrong for using in the production of grow bags or grow pots, At case Tech Australia we have developed a new 'snapback' technology that works with premium grade coir and will hydrate to full expansion every time in minutes or as fast as you can supply the required amount of water.

A. It is because the air filled porosity in the coir is higher than most other mixes and the media stays 4-5 degrees warmer through winter without a perched water table, which encourages root growth.

A. In the springtime before spring growth, unless spring flowering shrub, then after flowering.

A. You need to limit the time that dew or free moisture is on the leaves. If you're growing in a greenhouse you will probably not have a problem with black spot on your roses because the growing area is covered.

A. As you come into springtime you can cut harder on your roses because the plants don't need as many leaves with increasing sunlight. This will open the bush to help obtain better breaks from lower on the plant and will make it easier to spray.

A. Coming into spring with increased light levels and temperatures you need to shade to stop plants from overheating. Your plants will also need increased watering with higher temperature and longer days.

A. If the coir growing media looks sodden like the picture, you have over-watered.

A. Coco peat is the ultimate organic fertilizer, multi-purpose soil conditioner and growing medium. Studies have shown Coco peat to be a more effective, more economical and longer lasting product than other alternatives. The organic quality of Coco peat makes it a highly sought after fertilizer, blending easily even with inorganic fertilizers. Coir products are used in agriculture, horticulture and hydroponic industries. Coco peat is also a more environmentally responsible alternative to peat moss as it comes from a sustainable source.

A. A coconut husk from which coir dust "Coco peat" is made contains naturally high levels of Potassium Chloride. These nutrients are reduced to a beneficial level by ageing and leaching of Coco peat prior to its processing for use as a growing medium. In some coastal coconut growing regions, husks are soaked in brackish or salt water lagoons to soften them for use in the fiber industry. This material has high sodium levels and is of no use to horticulture. PreMiereCocos's commercial operation will be in Kurunagala, Sri Lanka where we will have a rigorous quality assurance program to produce Coco peat to the highest quality standards for use as a growing medium.

A. Coco peat's PH is slightly acid 5.8-6.4, which is the ideal level for most plant production. Coco peat does require calcium and magnesium, so it is best to add Gypsum or Dolomite which won't raise the Ph as much as lime.

A. Coco peat is ideal substrate for rose production; it combines high water holding capacity with good AFP and an ideal ph. Our experience with rose production over the past twelve years has shown that roses root faster and with better fine root hair development in coco peat. Cut flower production can be 12 to 15% higher in the first year when grown in coco peat.

A. A quality Management of gerbera production is much easier in growing media with a very high air filled porosity .This is why growers have traditionally blended coco peat with 20 to 40% coarse perlite aiming for an AFP of 25 to 35% .

A. PreMiereCocos will not use pre mature raw material. PreMiereCocos has double sieving facilities which enable the company to remove the fine dust and guarantee that air content will be around 20%. Most Coir- Coco peat producer is not aware of the importance of double sieving.

A. PreMiereCocos is using thicker plastic for its products and guarantees a longer term of use. In order to help its customers PreMiereCocos gives periodical agronomy visits to give growers professional advice.

A. Obviously the answer deviates from crop to crop. For example the volume of Coco needed for a tomato plant is about 5-6 liters. The volume of Coco needed for a strawberry plant is about 0.7-1 liter. There are also some other parameters to consider, like the irrigation system, climate and length of growing period. It is highly recommended to consult with our agronomic staff before making a decision.

A. Unlike the soil a soilless substrate doesn't contain the nutrients that are essential for plant growth. Therefore all nutrients should be supplied through irrigation. It is normally recommended to use at least two tanks for different fertilizers and another one for acid.

A. Unlike other Hydroponic systems the answer is more flexible. There are a few variables that determine the answer. The type of Coco-peat, For example in a given green House the 3/4" material will need less cycles then Crush.

The climate, a hot climate will obligate more frequent irrigating cycles.

The stage of growth, as the plant grows its need for water supply increase. In order to answer the growing demand for water more irrigation should be applied (In some cases this growing demand can be answered by increasing the time of each cycle without increasing the number of cycles per day).

System limitation, in some big farms there are a lot of irrigating valves. Sometimes increasing the number of cycles in one valve will restrict the ability to irrigate with another valve.

The decision about the number of cycles per one day should include all the parameters that are mentioned above.

A. PreMiereCocos does not use premature raw materials (not counting the crush & chips). Therefore PreMiereCocos Coir products will last much longer then the products of other companies. While using grows bags the limitation of use is determined by the plastic quality. Even when using grows bags with plastic for 3 years the plastic will start to disintegrate long before the Coco will decompose. As for the Coco itself the material will start to lose its characteristics after about 3-4 years (not counting the crush & chips). The best way to determine if the Coco should be replaced is by testing its physical characteristics in a trustworthy laboratory.

A. Coconut husks from which PreMiereCocos products are made from, do in fact contain naturally formed high levels of Potassium Chloride and lesser lever of Sodium Chlorides at the primary processing stage. These salts are also nutrients in another sense, but they are reduced to a beneficial level by four basic processes. Ageing, Ageing by Influenced by bacterial introduction, washing & buffering which means the products are chemically exchange & discharge of salts prior to it being used as a growing medium.

A. Yes indeed, just as easily as the peat moss; maybe easier perhaps, but please take into consideration that PreMiereCocos absorbs & retains much more water than peat moss and therefore you must add a little more water; in this instance, more liberally and quite Ideally, the soluble seed starter fertilizer in a hydration solution of around 60 LT per bale is recommended.

A. PreMiereCocos has a specialized blend of coir pith & buffered crushed husk which has proved itself as an ideal substrate for Roses. The blend combines a medium high water holding capacity with an excellent level of Air Filled Porosity and fast run off of excess water which also means that the excessive salts get washed off quicker than its counterparts which is essential for high quality blooms. Finer lateral roots develop very quickly and it is known that the overall production is increased by over 20% in the first and second years of cut flower production. What's more, the substrate lends itself to the commercial lifespan of the plant resulting in an overall saving which equals profit.

A. Of course! In Gerbera production, a high Air Filled Porosity with fast run off & a lower water retention level is essential. Traditionally, a grower would formulate a blend of peat and perlite, grow rocks or vermiculite 60% : 40% ratio. This feature has been remarkably "engineered" by "PreMiereCocos" by blending the exact proportions of pith, fibre & crushed husk to simulate an Air Filled Porosity and Water Holding Capacity required to perform in the most efficient manner.

A. Yes, indeed, at "PreMiereCocos", we understand that most your problems and questions pose challenges; In this backdrop, we would like to assure you that we are backed by a group with a history of practical, "hands on" horticulturists who posses over two decades of tried & tested methods in your crop and a collective resources of over 300 years of horticulture & hydroponics.

A.

Characteristics PreMiereCocos Peat Moss
pH

5.5 – 5.9
The perfect pH for plants (so no lime to increase pH prior to use)

Normally 4.0 – 5.0
(addition of lime is compulsory)
Water Holding Capacity 9 times its own volume, but it will not become water-logged and as excess water drains away 3-7 times its own volume depending upon country of origin and quality of product, with a tendency to waterlog
Time to 'Take Up Water' Very rapid because "PreMiereCocos" (micro sponges) sponge-like structure which have the ability to absorb large quantities of water very quickly

Considerably slower than "PreMiereCocos" because peat moss does not have a sponge-like structure but relies on its 'boat shaped' structure of the leaves of the sphagnum moss to hold water but modern harvesting techniques damage this structure

Soil longevity before grower must replace or add product due to degradation and / or shrinkage Approx. 5 years with the reason being that PreMiereCocos has a naturally high lignin content (approx 45%) which inhibits bacterial and fungal breakdown and thus allows the "PreMiereCocos" to biodegrade much most slowly than traditional peat moss 6 months to 1 year depending upon the country of origin & quality of product
Ability to retain Air (oxygen) (AFP) "PreMiereCocos" has the ability to retain high AFP, at the same time being able to hold large quantities of water without becoming water-logged When water is added to peat moss it tends to reduce the AFP, thereby preventing vital oxygen getting to the roots
Shrinkage Due to its high lignin and cellulose structure, it does not shrink and outlives the lifespan of peat. Peat moss shrinks away from the sides of the pot/container and, when water is added, it simply drains down the sides. Also, where plants have to be kept for a long period of time, containers filled with peat moss have to be regularly "topped up" using more material and more labor therefore more cost.
Water retention ability Very long, "PreMiereCocos" is composed of cells that both look and act like sponges and will hold 78% with excess water simply draining away. Also, the top 1 cm of the substrate produced with "PreMiereCocos" dries quickly & this helps stop moisture evaporation Peat-Moss has very little ability to retain water and therefore peat moss must be irrigated much more frequently
Degree of porosity

Excellent - without the addition of any other costly material. "PreMiereCocos" normally has 96% pore space and this allows water to drain easily through "PreMiereCocos" thus preventing water logging but, at the same time, holding maximum amounts of water (78%) in the micro sponges, which remains available - at low tensions - to the plants when/as required. Also, "PreMiereCocos" has no "dry spots"

Normally you must add costly coarse material like bark or perlite etc. to achieve a more acceptable porosity
If allowed to dry out, will it cap? Due to "PreMiereCocos" structure, the sponges remain open and will absorb water very rapidly Peat moss, which has a high percentage of "fines" which come to the top of the pot/container, sealing the surface therefore making re-wetting very difficult, unless expensive wetting agents are used
Mixing with sand For Root Zone mixes (i.e. golf course construction) as little as 10% "PreMiereCocos" needs to be used to add the organic content to the Root Zone mix to obtain the required water retention and maximum percolation Normally 20% peat moss is necessary. However, peat moss forms a "barrier layer" which reduces percolation
Do we need wetting agent to wet product With "PreMiereCocos" there is no need to use a "wetting agent" because of its unique sponge-like structure Yes, with peat-moss you need a "wetting agent"
Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) "PreMiereCocos" has high CEC ratio thus nutrient ions are bound in the molecular structure and are not leached away but are held for release to the plant as required Normally peat moss has a low CEC ratio unless additives such as perlite are added to help prevent the leaching away of nutrients and ions
Where sold Worldwide, especially where water retention and preventing evaporation are major priorities Worldwide

    √    Ph : 5.5 – 6.5

    √    Cationic exchange capacity in meq / 100g : 60-130

    √    Electrical Conductivity (EC) ms/cm : 0.5 – 0.25 range

    √    Organic Substance in percentage : 98%

    √    Organic carbon in percentage : 45-50%

    √    Ash in dry condition : 3-6%

    √    Cellulose in dry condition : 25-40

    √    Compression ratio : 25 : 1

    √    Carbon Nitrogen ratio : 110 :1

    √    Porosity in Percentage : 94% (Total pour space 94-96%)

    √    Air filled porosity : 10-12%

    √    Water holding capacity : 8-9 times by weight

    √    Lignin dry basis in percentage : 65-70%

    √    Colour : light-dark brown

    √    Appearance : earth soil or moss / short fiber

A. Yes. As we have good business relationship with most of the shipping companies we can arrange you the cheapest shipping rate and the delivery of our product will be always prompt.

A. We can load our product as per customer's requirement in 40 ft FCL and 20 ft FCL.

A. Yes, of course we can send it by courier. Please contact us with your information and requirements

A. You can reach us by e-mail or contact us by Telephone or fax us

    √ Ph : 5.5 – 6.5

    √ Cationic exchange capacity in meq / 100g : 60-130

    √ Electrical Conductivity (EC) ms/cm : 0.5 – 0.25 range

    √ Organic Substance in percentage : 98%

    √ Organic carbon in percentage : 45-50%

    √ Ash in dry condition : 3-6%

    √ Cellulose in dry condition : 25-40

    √ Compression ratio : 25 : 1

    √ Carbon Nitrogen ratio : 110 :1

    √ Porosity in Percentage: 94% (Total pour space 94-96%)

    √ Air filled porosity : 10-12%

    √ Water holding capacity : 8-9 times by weight

    √ Lignin dry basis in percentage : 65-70%

    √ Color : light-dark brown

    √ Appearance : earth soil or moss / short fiber

A.

Characteristics PreMiereCocos Peat Moss
pH

5.5 – 5.9
The perfect pH for plants (so no lime to increase pH prior to use)

Normally 4.0 – 5.0
(addition of lime is compulsory)
Water Holding Capacity 9 times its own volume, but it will not become water-logged and as excess water drains away 3-7 times its own volume depending upon country of origin and quality of product, with a tendency to waterlog
Time to 'Take Up Water' Very rapid because "PreMiereCocos" (micro sponges) sponge-like structure which have the ability to absorb large quantities of water very quickly Considerably slower than "PreMiereCocos" because peat moss does not have a sponge-like structure but relies on its 'boat shaped' structure of the leaves of the sphagnum moss to hold water but modern harvesting techniques damage this structure
Soil longevity before grower must replace or add product due to degradation and / or shrinkage Approx. 5 years with the reason being that PreMiereCocos has a naturally high lignin content (approx 45%) which inhibits bacterial and fungal breakdown and thus allows the "PreMiereCocos" to biodegrade much most slowly than traditional peat moss 6 months to 1 year depending upon the country of origin & quality of product
Ability to retain Air (oxygen) (AFP) "PreMiereCocos" has the ability to retain high AFP, at the same time being able to hold large quantities of water without becoming water-logged When water is added to peat moss it tends to reduce the AFP, thereby preventing vital oxygen getting to the roots
Shrinkage Due to its high lignin and cellulose structure, it does not shrink and outlives the lifespan of peat. Peat moss shrinks away from the sides of the pot/container and, when water is added, it simply drains down the sides. Also, where plants have to be kept for a long period of time, containers filled with peat moss have to be regularly "topped up" using more material and more labor therefore more cost.
Water retention ability Very long, "PreMiereCocos" is composed of cells that both look and act like sponges and will hold 78% with excess water simply draining away. Also, the top 1 cm of the substrate produced with "PreMiereCocos" dries quickly & this helps stop moisture evaporation Peat-Moss has very little ability to retain water and therefore peat moss must be irrigated much more frequently
Degree of porosity Excellent - without the addition of any other costly material. "PreMiereCocos" normally has 96% pore space and this allows water to drain easily through "PreMiereCocos" thus preventing water logging but, at the same time, holding maximum amounts of water (78%) in the micro sponges, which remains available - at low tensions - to the plants when/as required. Also, "PreMiereCocos" has no "dry spots" Normally you must add costly coarse material like bark or perlite etc. to achieve a more acceptable porosity
If allowed to dry out, will it cap? Due to "PreMiereCocos" structure, the sponges remain open and will absorb water very rapidly Peat moss, which has a high percentage of "fines" which come to the top of the pot/container, sealing the surface therefore making re-wetting very difficult, unless expensive wetting agents are used
Mixing with sand For Root Zone mixes (i.e. golf course construction) as little as 10% "PreMiereCocos" needs to be used to add the organic content to the Root Zone mix to obtain the required water retention and maximum percolation Normally 20% peat moss is necessary. However, peat moss forms a "barrier layer" which reduces percolation
Do we need wetting agent to wet product With "PreMiereCocos" there is no need to use a "wetting agent" because of its unique sponge-like structure Yes, with peat-moss you need a "wetting agent"
Cat ion Exchange Capacity (CEC) "PreMiereCocos" has high CEC ratio thus nutrient ions are bound in the molecular structure and are not leached away but are held for release to the plant as required Normally peat moss has a low CEC ratio unless additives such as perlite are added to help prevent the leaching away of nutrients and ions
Where sold Worldwide, especially where water retention and preventing evaporation are major priorities Worldwide